Elias Gatos, M.D.
Surgeon Gynecologist – Obstetrician
Scientific Director emBIO Assisted Reproduction Unit

Tests and Diagnosis

Reasons for infertility

Increased infertility is a major concern occurring in recent years, which affects 15% of modern couples. It should be noted that this problem regards both partners and recent medical research shows that the proportion with regard to medical reasons for infertility is more or less the same.

Key tests required for infertility

For women

  1. Haematology: FSH and LH levels are tested; they are a sample of the amount and quality of eggs maturing in ovaries. Progesterone is tested to assess whether ovulation is normal, prolactine, oestrogen, androgen, and thyroid levels are also tested.
  2. Ultrasonography: ovarian health, uterine, and ovarian follicular growth test
  3. Mammogram (over the age of 35)
  4. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): uterine and fallopian tube x-ray.
  5. Laparoscopy: a method allowing the ovaries, uterine, and fallopian tubes to be checked to detect and treat any problems, to find whether another surgery is required, or whether IVF is required etc.
  6. Hysteroscopy: inspecting the uterine cavity by telescope
  7. Post-coital test: testing cervical mucus after intercourse

For men

  1. Sperm diagram: Sperm analysis & sperm count per ml, sperm mobility, and amount of sperm with abnormal morphology, check for any anti-sperm antibodies.
  2. Endocrinological tests (haematology & hormonal)
  3. Prolactin
  4. White blood cells
  5. Prostate and seminal vesicle ultrasound,
  6. Testicular biopsy.

Let's have a chat

Learn more about IVF.